Scientists reconstruct ‘handsome’ face of pharaoh after 3,200 years



A new scientific reconstruction makes it possible to recognize Ramesses II, the most powerful pharaoh in ancient Egypt, for the first time in 3,200 years by his “handsome” face.

Using a three-dimensional skull replica of the king, scientists from Egypt and England recreated the king’s final appearance.

After that, they put an end to the aging process and nearly reversed the passage of time, revealing his face at the peak of his skill.

Sahar Saleem of Cairo University, who created the 3D model of the skull, said that the monarch that was shown was “extremely attractive.”

“His mummy’s face influenced how I imagined Ramesses II’s face. “However, the facial reconstruction contributed to giving the mummy a living face,” she was quoted as saying by Daily Mail.

She continued, “I find the reconstructed face to be a very handsome Egyptian person with facial features typical of Ramesses II – the pronounced nose and strong jaw.”

The scientific procedure was explained by Caroline Wilkinson, director of the Face Lab at Liverpool John Moores University, who rebuilt the pharaoh’s face.

She stated: We begin with the computer tomography (CT) model of the skull, which provides us with the three-dimensional shape of the skull that we can incorporate into our computer system.

She went on to say that they then adapted pre-modeled facial anatomy from a database to fit the skull. As a result, the facial structure was essentially constructed beginning at the surface of the skull and working its way through the muscle, fat, and skin layers.

Wilkinson explained that we all have roughly the same muscles with the same attachments that come from the same places.

Each of us has a slightly different skull shape and proportions, which causes the muscles to have slightly different shapes and proportions. This directly affects how the face looks.

Sahar recently oversaw the second attempt of its kind, following the scientific reconstruction of Tutankhamun’s face by royal sculptor Christian Corbet.

The professor claims that the procedure brings the mummies back. She asserted that giving the king’s mummy a face would revive his legacy, humanize him, and forge a connection with him.

King Ramesses II, an outstanding warrior who ruled Egypt for 66 years, initiated the first pact in history.

“The world is reminded of Ramesses II’s legendary status by putting a face on his mummy in his old age and a younger version.”

But it’s not easy to get the face of a long-dead pharaoh back. For example, the skull can’t convey all features of an individual’s appearance.

The difficult part is what follows the shape; Specifically, all information regarding skin tone, wrinkles, hair color, and eye color.

The procedure has also been tried out on real people, so you can compare a reconstruction made from CT scan data to the real thing.

Wilkinson claims that the form inaccuracy of facial reconstruction is less than 2 mm on 70% of the surface.

“Consequently, we are reasonably confident that we can predict shape from skeleton detail; We do it pretty well.”

Saleem went on to say, “This is the only scientific facial reconstruction of Ramesses II that is based on the CT scan of his actual mummy.”

Most of the previous attempts were creative and non-scientific. The restoration made its television debut in the French documentary “L’Egypte, une obsession française” on the France 3 channel.

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